Roads to Ride: The Ghisallo

Saturday, 5 January 2013

Colle Ghisallo

As the second part in a series exploring the famous roads of cycling, here is the Madonna del Ghisallo climb in Italy. The idea with this weekly series is to discover the road and its place in the world, whether its part in cycling’s folklore or to explore what it is like on a normal day without a race.

The Madonna del Ghisallo was described as “the poor man’s spaceship” by Italian writer Gianni Brera for the way it allowed someone with a bicycle to copy Neil Armstrong and go up to the heavens. It’s not the highest of climbs, perhaps the chapel at the top, a Catholic shrine to cycling, plays its part.

Some places can be significant in sport because of history but this is a climb that raises sports fanaticism to the exponential, propelling memorabilia and history into relics and spiritualism thanks to the Chapel, the Pope and aided by sporting history and the stunning views.

The Route
Strictly this is the Colle del Ghisallo, the mountain pass. The Via Valassina climbs out of the swanky town of Bellagio, with its luxury lakeside villas. The climb is 10km long and averages 5.2% but beware as the climb is broken in two parts as the profile below shows.

Ghisallo profile

The first part rises from the roundabout via a series of steep ramps that pick their way past houses and hotels. The road gradually becomes more verdant and often hugged by crash barriers whose diagonal slant testifies to the slope. The gradient bites with sustained sections over 10% and moments at 15%. And then it’s over, all of a sudden the road flattens out as you reach Guello. If you’re not used to the route you can wonder where the road goes, a turning to the right here offers more climbing but in fact it’s time to deploy the big chainring and speed along Civenna’s Via Provinciale before the road finally turns right after the church and the final ascent. As the buildings disappear a final set of hairpin bends approach, time to sprint when you see the Hotel Mirabeau and the pass finishes with the famous chapel on the left.

The Feel
Lake Como below is elegant but touristy and it is satisfying to escape. The climb starts hard and it is irregular, quietly changing gradient as it winds its way up. The chapel at the top gives the climb a spiritual vibe but there’s nothing heavenly about the early part of the climb and if an eternal flame burns in memory of deceased champions at the top, your legs will be on fire on the way up. If anything this is just a road uphill, an artery linked to the capillary-like paved driveway of the many houses that line the road.

The middle section is literally an anticlimax. After the effort the gradient eases then descends and heads into town where traffic lights await before the rider is cleared for the final section.

If the buildings crowd the climb there are still stunning views. Best of all this is a climb for all four seasons. Avoid on the coldest winter days but if the warm sun is shining this is a treat all year. Lake Como offers blue water and reflects the sunshine whilst the woodland, a mix of pine and oak, provides changing tones, from the vibrant green of spring to the famous autumnal hues that helped the one day Tour of Lombardy race become known as the classica delle foglie morte or race of the falling leaves.

Say It

The terms are used interchangeably but Colle Ghisallo is the mountain pass, colle being a pass. Madonna is the religious icon.

History
The legend varies but in medieval times Count Ghisallo was fleeing brigands in the woods and either saw in a vision in the chapel which ultimately led him to safety or worse, his dying wish was that a chapel be built. Either way he left his name to the chapel but the construction was rebuilt and the building today dates from 1623.

Jump to 1944 and Don Ermelindo Viganò became the priest of Magreglio, the village at the top of the climb and he became responsible for the chapel. He seems to have been impressed by the passage of the cyclists and lobbied to link the chapel to cycling.

Race History
This is a very famous climb but it’s not always decisive. The Tour of Lombardy, now branded Il Lombardia, has often changed its start and finish point but the Colle Ghisallo has been a fixture since 1919. These days it is not a strategic climb but one that help eliminate weaker riders and sets things up for later attacks.

But the race has been ridden by every champion, starting with Costante Giradengo in 1919. By 1925 Alfredo Binda took the train from Nice to Milan, attracted by the prize offered for the first rider to the top of the Ghisallo. He attacked and won the small prize but rode on and landed the first of his four wins. After World War Two the climb was becoming easier thanks to smoother roads and bikes with more gears. “Capisco che il Ghisallo non dava più garanzie di selezione” said Ercole Baldini in 1960, stating that the climb was no longer selective, inciting race organisers to track down tougher climbs like the nearby Muro di Sormano.

More recently Paolo Bettini rode up in 2005 and set a record, reputed to be 19m30s and, at the time of writing, the Strava record is there for the taking at 22 minutes.

The climb has also been used in the Giro but its fame comes from extra-sporting rides. In 1949 Pope Pius XII ordered that the Madonna del Ghisallo become the patron saint of cyclists and soon a torch was carried by bicycle from the Vatican to the chapel with famous riders taking part in the relay.

The Chapel and Museum
You don’t need to be a devout Catholic to enjoy the chapel and venerate the sports history. The walls of the chapel are insulated with cycling shrouds jerseys and various bikes hang there, from a tired looking Bianchi belonging to Fausto Coppi to the twisted frame crashed by Fabio Casartelli when he died during the 1995 Tour de France.

Ghisallo Chapel

Next to the chapel is a broader museum of cycling which curates a lot of Italian cycling history. Both are worth a visit but note if you can click-clack in cycling shoes to look in the chapel, think twice about the museum. Be sure to stop and see the view of Lake Como from the top too. There’s also a fountain to top up your water bottles.

On a normal day
The road is quite ordinary. Inhabitants tend to their gardens, cars rev as drivers work their gearboxes to tame the slopes. There’s a good chance of spotting a pro or two, especially a Lampre rider as the team has its base nearby and tends to recruit from Lombardy.

Access
Milan is nearby although a busy ride for much of the way. A better base is to be found around Lake Como, perhaps Lecco where if the roads still buzz with activity you can escape uphill. The best time to visit is the weekend. The mornings see the roads crowded with cyclists, with many silver fox types who ride the finest bikes available. Just don’t expect Italian artisan bikes, a Specialized with SRAM is as common as a Colnago with Campagnolo.

The Triangolo Lariano area is the triangle of land between the two fingers of Lake Como that jut to the south. The Colle Ghisallo is a key road here but there are many ways to cross and climb this area. It’s also one of the rare climbs in cycling that is probably at its best in the autumn with the turning leaves.

Lombardia

Summary
It’s one thing to venerate a place for its history and scenery but the Colle Ghisallo is exceptional thanks to its religious links, perhaps the spiritual home of cycling. But it’s certainly not reserved for the devout Catholic; you can visit for the collection of jerseys and bikes and a glimpse into Italian life where sport crosses with religion and superstition. Plus there are statues outside and the cycling museum too.

Away from tourism this is a tough climb but the mid section allows everyone to recover before a satisfying series of hairpin bends to the top. Like Alpe d’Huez this is not the most scenic nor challenging route but it has its place in cycling mythology thanks to the chapel and the passage of races over the years.

Next week we will combine history, a tough climb, stunning scenery and if not religion then sacrifice and philosophy: Mont Ventoux.

Part I – Alpe d’Huez
Part II – The Ghisallo
Part III – Mont Ventoux
Part IV – Col de la Madone
Part V – Col du Soulor
Part VI – Passo Dello Stelvio
Part VII – Mont Aigoual
Part VIII – Col de la République
Part IX – Croce d’Aune
Part X – Strade Bianche
Part XI – Col d’Eze
Part XII – The Poggio
Part XIII – Arenberg Cobbles
Part XIV – Col du Tourmalet
Part XV – Côte de La Redoute
Part XVI – Col du Pin Bouchain
Part XVII – Puy de Dôme
Part XVIII – La Planche des Belles Filles
Part XIX – Col du Lautaret
Part XX – Col du Palaquit
Part XXI – Champs Elysées
Part XXII: The Col du Galibier
Part XXIII: The Lacets de Montvernier
Part XXIV: Hautacam
Part XXV: The Schelde Bike Path
Part XXVI: Col de Marie-Blanque
Part XXVII: Jebel Al Akhdar
Part XXVIII: Genting Highlands

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{ 9 comments }

NaturalBornHolmer January 5, 2013 at 2:52 pm

Yep, a legendary climb! A must-ride for the true cyclist. Start the climb in Bellagio after a cup of espresso or two, preparing the legs! After the Ghisallo climb and visits at the Museos, you can ride Muro di Sormano nearby. Pasta and vino at Como Lake after the ride will complete a wonderfull day of bike riding in the area. Madonna!

Citrus City Cyclist January 5, 2013 at 3:35 pm

What a great way to start the day: thanks for the great article. Looking forward to your take on the Ventoux now!

steve pucci January 5, 2013 at 5:15 pm

its also a nice climb up the switchbacks from the lecco side…
you need to climb it from both sides..

Larry T. January 5, 2013 at 7:26 pm

Nice bit, thanks! I still recall my first time up this iconic climb – had no idea other than a few photos (this was the early 90′s) so up we went, thinking every tiny shrine or chapel was the Madonna. And all of you who’ve ridden this know there are plenty along the way. Finally made the top and didn’t have enough change to buy more than a few trinkets from the vending machines in the chapel itself! Had to go back with the car the following day with handfuls of change. We’ve finished every one of our Legendary Climbs tours there since, with a ferry from Varenna after some scenic cycling along the lake. Already looking forward to July 2013 and our next visit. Fiorenzo Magni’s museum is spectacular and the panini in the nearby kiosk (named after the great champions) are not bad either, especially with a cold birra.

PaT Fitz January 6, 2013 at 12:52 pm

Beautiful summary of a very special pilgrimage route for devotees of the cycling religion.
I love riding it every year around Giro time, each year we are greeted by unpredictable weather conditions which makes the journey even more special.

Neil January 6, 2013 at 2:31 pm

You can do a loop by starting in Como, up the western side of the lake to the ferry to Bellagio, up the Ghisallo, then to the Sormano wall and a sweeping long downhill ride back to the eastern side of the lake and into Como. Just spectacular. Best place to stay is http://www.bbvillanina.it/en/index.html where the owner Federico Walters can guide and advise (he’s a great local born rider who knows all of the best area rides, sources for bike rentals, etc.). Try to ride with him and his friends for a special insight into the heart of Italian biking.

Revere Greist January 7, 2013 at 1:15 am

I’ve ridden it twice, most recently last June at the beginning of circum-Como all day affair. I started from Bellagio proper and when you get to the round-about, it gets hard. 19 minutes from there to the top puts into perspective my abilities (I’m 12th with a time of 26 minutes plus change). Still, I’d recommend it to anyone. Wonderful views, and an iconic climb. Thanks for a great article!

Rooto January 7, 2013 at 7:11 am

From when I lived in Lombardy, I remember the mountain road out of Lecco giving fantastic views as it winds back to the lakeside just north of Varenna too.

Blodsmak January 7, 2013 at 11:55 am

Excellent story, as always. If anyone interested, here is a ride report with pictures and Strava log: http://blodsmak.no/2012/06/italia-tremezzo-como-bellagio-lecco-varenna-tremezzo/ I highly recommend stopping for dinner/lunch at the Ristorante Olivedo in Varenna. Superb food, and very helpful staff.

We stayed a week in Tremezzo (map: http://goo.gl/maps/28W4I). After flying to Milano, we squeezed four people and two bike bags into two Fiat Puntos, and stayed in this place: http://www.come2como.com Very nice, and owned by an avid cyclist. Tremezzo is a tiny, quiet town, mostly spread out along the road. There are a few cozy cafes and some good restaurants, but not much nightlife. There are numerous rides in the area, and lots of climbs. Stelvio is also withing reach, if you have a car.

There are pictures, Strava logs and ride reports (Norwegian, as Google Translate gave an error) from several rides in the area here: http://blodsmak.no/2012/06/tremezzo-sykkelferie-ved-comosjoen-2/ (see also http://www.come2como.com/1/Activities.html for some suggested rides).

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