No Ordinary Road: Le Tour Comes to Town

Tuesday, 27 November 2012

Fans crowd the barriers, dressed in yellow hats distributed by sponsors they look like sunflowers as they turn towards the stars of sport. Arms are outstretched, often to take a photo and mouths are open as people cheer. Despite a veil of cloud, everything is bright. Flags from Africa and Europe are visible and TV cameras beam the scene around the world. You can imagine the noise from the crowd, the TV commentators, the helicopters. This is the Tour de France.

Yesterday’s post showed a boring road with leaden skies. It’s from a town called Davézieux whose only claim to fame is that the Montgolfier brothers come from here. The brothers invented the hot air balloon, perhaps motivated by a need to escape from this drab place.

Only the photo in yesterday’s piece and the one above show the same piece of road. Check the crack in the middle of the road, note the arcing lamp posts and scope the roof tiles on the building on the right.

It all shows the difference the Tour can make to the landscape. A piece of road you’d want to avoid suddenly becomes the centre of the cycling world, the most desirable piece of real estate in the pro cycling world. Antoine Blondin wrote the following in L’Equipe back in 1964 (my translation):

For the 10th stage of the Tour de France you begin to grasp that the landscape, no matter how sumptuous it may be, doesn’t add much to a big race. The race is sufficient in itself, it finds greatness in its own means. It ennobles the scenery more than it borrows from it.

Blondin surely has a point here. I took the example of Davézieux at random because it’s both a Tour finish and a town nobody knows much about yet the race has ennobled the road, turning a sleepy part of town into a party, a sports stadium, an outpost of the UN.

But the same is true of more famous locations. The Arenberg cobbles have a mythical status in the sport but on a normal day the road is a muddy trail used by dog walkers and during the winter hunters chasing wild boar. There’s nothing inherently beautiful nor dramatic. Similarly there’s a nice view on the way up but Milan-Sanremo’s decisive Poggio is little more than an access road to some shack-like hothouses where so many of Europe’s flowers are grown before being trucked to Amsterdam. Yet once the race is on this road become scenic in itself and it’s famous thanks to the race.

The Poggio turning: a road or a theatre?

Even the might of the mountains is altered by the Tour de France. Start with a ski resort which often looks out of place in the summer once the snow has retreated to reveal concrete buildings and redundant ski lifts. Alpe d’Huez is a case study whose large blocks of flats resemble a high altitude social housing project. Yet it has become a place of pilgrimage for cyclists.

Names like Galibier and Tourmalet are celebrated thanks to notoriety gained from the races that have crossed them. Do these climbs in a car or a motorbike and they are strips of tarmac, albeit with some great views. But to pedal up is to follow in the slipstream of history. On a race day the roads are transformed, a giant picnic for fans and a race track for riders. We even add to the hype, cyclists call the top of a mountain pass “the summit” but isn’t the definition of a mountain pass the lowest point to cut across the landscape?

Even the TV experience is brought alive by the race. A large segment of the audience for the Tour de France is made up of people who tune in for the scenery and say they don’t care too much for the race. But think about it, would people sit down to watch three hours of helicopter shots of the French landscape if there was no race? I’m not sure, especially if the production just followed a 200km stretch of road rather than a documentary on the finest landscapes. The race itself brings something to the landscape, like contour lines on a map and helps give a sense of scale.

For obvious reasons no other sport associates itself so much with the landscape as cycling. One contrived attempt to mix these together is the Muro di Sormano above Lake Como in Italy. Reintroduced to the Tour of Lombardy this year, the steep road is notable for its gradient and its history. But this past is evoked with permanent road markings as you can see the image above. This is not the work of fans with a brush or a roller, instead a design consultancy has been hired to turn the tarmac into an interactive experience.

It’s not just history, as riders progress they get information on the altitude as well as quotes from past, information on what is happening and what has happened. There are also points where the views are explained, so you know which town down below is what. Once again this is a way to take a simple road and exploit the passage of a race. Alpe d’Huez has the names of past victors on each of its hairpin bends.

Finally there is also a practical aspect. A lot of work goes into sprucing up the landscape when the Tour comes to town. Farmers decorate their fields, villages hang flower baskets, roundabouts get ornate displays and cities are jet-washed and roads are resurfaced. July smells of bitumen. It is as if a medieval king has arrived in town, the whole route is improved for the race. Sometimes the landscape isn’t just smartened for a day, sometimes it is changed forever. The Port de Balès pass in the Pyrenees was surfaced so the Tour could cross. Not for locals, not for commerce nor tourism but for the Tour?

Conclusion
We might think the Tour de France basks in the glory of the French summer and landscapes but perhaps these things are actually improved by the Tour? Of course as cyclists we might well say this but even the casual visitor to France will find charm in the decorated villages, tidy cities and smooth roads that precede and outlast a visit of le Tour.

There’s something about a big race that does bring out the landscape, it can turn a drab residential road into something glorious, a bleak mountain road becomes the centre of the world. It’s hard to disagree with Blondin, no?

Alex November 27, 2012 at 12:59 pm

Nice piece. I enjoyed thinking about it from this perspective. Especially that famous junction at the Poggio.

Brcire November 27, 2012 at 1:35 pm

Thanks for the morning coffee piece or long ride discussion… Enjoy this different take on things and it has me wondering…
Does cycling make the road or does the road make cycling?
What came first the route or the bike?

I’lll probably be pondering this article for a while.

Thanks for it!

Perth November 27, 2012 at 1:36 pm

Sometimes I get the feeling that its little more than journos adding “the in/famous/mythical climb/descent/pass of the (insert name here) as they write

ROC November 27, 2012 at 11:51 pm

I’m sure they do, but I don’t think it is “little more than”…
That’s what I need them to be, how I want to consider them – and like them described whenever I read the post-race analyses. Oh, yes, I’m so easy to please :-)
And I’m pretty sure the race organizers and the local tourist industry don’t mind either.

By the way, thumbs up for this blog post! Nice perspective!

Larry T. November 27, 2012 at 3:06 pm

Nice post, thanks. As one who takes clients over more than a few of these roads in Italy I second what you write about the mythical qualities of the routes, even on the 364 days of the year when no racing is going on there. It’s like our friend Maynard Hershon once wrote, “like driving your car around the Indianapolis Motor Speedway” by comparison. I liked your point about the pavement as well, we’ve had to wait behind paving operations more than once while scouting a race route, sometimes just a day or two before the race’ arrival! I think it was Alex Zulle who remarked that he liked the Giro because of the excellent Italian pavement. We always joke when driving over some dodgy pavement during R & D for our tours, “the Giro needs to come here” so the surface will be redone. Enjoy your vacation, the posts you’ve had “in the can” will certainly keep us entertained during this quiet time in the racing season.

Scott M November 27, 2012 at 10:27 pm

“…to follow in the slipstream of history.”

Chapeau. Great post.

Darren November 27, 2012 at 10:35 pm

Makes you think!

If I was not a fan/racer I would probably consider the cobbled roads here in Belgium as simply ‘quaint’!
As for the road where the Poggio begins (as shown in your photo), I want to touch the stones, turn around, ride back a few km, turn around again, and hit the Poggio in the outer ring! The Poggio and the cobbles always have the ability to inspire me to go deep!

Larry T. November 28, 2012 at 2:37 am

You’re right Darren. We went there for the first time in 2010 and rode the Cipressa and Poggio on race day. That inspired us to offer a vacation tracing the route in May 2013 so our clients can do exactly what you dream of – http://www.cycleitalia.com/la-primavera-milano-san-remo-cycling.htm

brian nevin November 27, 2012 at 11:28 pm

thanks.. great post.. eagerly await the Madiot post..

ad_snow November 27, 2012 at 11:39 pm

love that the lorry is still visible on the far right!

SilverSurfer8 November 27, 2012 at 11:47 pm

Most enjoyable! To have a world-class race pass through your home town is a rare privilege.

I’m reminded of the surreal scene I was absorbed into on the Flagstaff Climb, here in Boulder, for the US Pro Challenge. No doubt it’s a beautiful road on its own, but put thousands of passionate fans on it and it was transformed into something beyond description! My friends and I decided to spectate at a particularly rowdy section of the course, where there was a DJ, and the party was ON! It felt like we were a part of cycling history that day, and I had such great pride in my bike-crazy town. I’ve read they hope to race on Flagstaff again in 2014. I will definitely be there…

Tommy B November 28, 2012 at 8:49 am

A thought – provoking article. Part of the attraction of cycle racing for me is glimpsing small towns & villages that preen themselves especially for a visit that may pass by in a matter of moments.

Thanks for posting this, Inner Ring.

Kieran November 28, 2012 at 10:35 am

So was that piece of road really randomly picked or because Dave Millar finally got his post doping tour win that day?

lightning November 28, 2012 at 11:46 am

It’s obviously NOT the same road at the same spot. Maybe further on.

Dachs November 28, 2012 at 12:40 pm

A good read. I think there are some places that become famous for cycling. Tourmalet and Galibier for example. Or Ventoux. But the Tour brings something to the rest of France and also when it travels outside France. Normal streets become a carnival parade with the race behind.

Vera November 28, 2012 at 12:43 pm

Nice seeing the transformation.

Ulty November 29, 2012 at 5:14 pm

‘We even add to the hype, cyclists call the top of a mountain pass “the summit” but isn’t the definition of a mountain pass the lowest point to cut across the landscape?’

So true. While out ski touring in the winter, I often look down on the mountain passes that I ‘heroically’ suffer over in the summertime and marvel at how inconsequential they look. But at the same time, one can see how the roads closely follow a lazy path that a flow of water might take through the mountains.

Håvard December 5, 2012 at 11:05 am

“For obvious reasons no other sport associates itself so much with the landscape as cycling.”

I do agree that this is one of the most interesting aspects of cycling as a sport, though i do think also skateboarding’s relation to the city (and appropriation of it’s architecture) is comparable to this, if not even stronger, as the constant repetition of “spots” with a wide specter of different approaches is arguably even a stronger relation to it’s immediate surroundings

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